What is a Rubric?

A rubric is a scoring guide that seeks to evaluate a student’s performance based on the sum of a full range of criteria rather than a single numerical score.

Why Use a Rubric?

  • Help students understand the criteria used to evaluate their work (Bolton 2006; Reddy and Andrade 2010)
  • Increase consistency in grading (Jonsson, 2014)
  • Help provide feedback more efficiently (Stevens and Levi, 2011)




  •    Bolton, F. C. (2006). Rubrics and adult learners: Andragogy and assessment. Assessment Update, 18(3), 5-6.
  •    Dunbar, N. E., Brooks, C. F., & Kubicka-Miller, T. (2006). Oral Communication Skills in Higher Education: Using a Performance-Based Evaluation Rubric to Assess Communication Skills. Innovative Higher Education, 13 (2), 115-128
  •    Goldberg, G. L. (2014). Revising an Engineering Design Rubric: A Case Study Illustrating Principles and Practices to Ensure Technical Quality of Rubrics. Practical Assessment, Research &  Evaluation, 19(8), 2.
  •    Jonsson, A. (2014). Rubrics as a way of providing transparency in assessment. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 39(7), 840-852.
  •    Oakleaf, M. (2009, March). Writing rubrics right: Avoiding common mistakes in rubric assessment. In Association of College and Research Libraries 14th National Conference, Seattle, WA.
  •    Reddy, Y. M., & Andrade, H. (2010). A review of rubric use in higher education. Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 35(4), 435-448.
  •    Stevens, D. D., & Levi, A. J. (2011). Introduction to rubrics: An assessment tool to save grading time, convey effective feedback, and promote student learning. Stylus Publishing, LLC.


Skip to toolbar