Learning Preferences

Learning Styles and Preferences

There are a number of approaches for thinking about learning preferences of students and a number of instruments for helping identify learning styles. Descriptions of several instruments are listed below for your use:

Grasha-Riechmann Surveys

Student Learning Style Survey and Teaching Style Survey

Keirsey Temperament Sorter
The Keirsey Temperament Sorter is an online personality temperament questionaire similar to the Myers-Briggs Type Inventory. The Keirsey Temperament Sorter, like all personality inventories, provides only a preliminary and rough indicator of personality preferences. Instructors may use this online questionaire as a starting point for students to recognize and appreciate individual differences, particularly as they pertain to effective teamwork.

Index of Learning Styles
Developed by Richard M. Felder and Linda K. Silverman, North Carolina State University
The Index of Learning Styles is used to assess preferences on four dimensions (active/reflective, sensing/intuitive, visual/verbal, and sequential/global) of a learning style model.

The VARK Preferences
Developed by Neil Fleming, New Zealand, 1997
The VARK (Visual, Aural, Read/Write, Kinesthetic) is an informal learning styles inventory designed to help students identify hwo they prefer to learn. The inventory contains 14 questions whose answers provide students with an indication of what their personal learning preference may tend to be. The author also provides study strategies for the various learning modalities.

Learning styles. (2000). Site provides overview of VAK (visual, auditory, kinesthetic), Myers Briggs Type Indicator, Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences.

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