The goal of summative assessment is to evaluate student learning at the end of an instructional unit by comparing it against some standard or benchmark.
Summative assessments are perceived as high stakes by students because they strongly impact their course grades and therefore they are more often motivated to do well.
- a final project
- a paper
- a senior recital
- mid-term or final exam
Information from summative assessments can be used formatively when students or faculty use it to guide their efforts and activities in subsequent courses.