This article describes 20 ways to provide effective feedback. Most are appropriate for K-12 classrooms; however, many are universal. Some particularly effective suggestions include:

  1. Explain to students what they are doing right and incorrectly. Provide an explanation and an example of each. One way of discerning which is which:
    • what the student do?
    • what can’t the student do?
    • how does the student’s work compare with that of others?
    • how can the student do better?
  2. Give feedback as soon as possible to show students that they are learning.
  3. Focus feedback on specific skills and knowledge.
  4. Allow students to give peer-feedback, but instruct them first. Teach them how to give specific, constructive feedback.